PHP的学习目标和学习线路图

ZHANGWOXUEXIFANGFA,BURUHUIWANDAOCHAOCHE

PHP常见的开发岗位

 PHP全栈开发工程师      PHP开发工程师     Web开发工程师   
  PHP接口开发工程师   
  PHP小程序开发工程师   
 PHP项目经理     PHP架构师   
 网站开发工程师   


可以胜任120多个开发岗位,只要和Web相关的都高度匹配。
PHP适合开发的软件类型

 网站开发     微信小程序开发     微信公众平台开发     网络游戏的后台     APP的服务器端接口     服务器运维脚本开发   
 Web的服务器端接口   


PHP是Web软件开发的霸主,PHP特别适合编写业务流程。
需要掌握的技术及需要掌握的程度

 HTML/CSS/JavaScript     Linux     MySQL / Redis     PHP语法     Composer     ThinkPHP / Laravel     RestFUL API     设计模式     Apache / Nginx     开发工具     Web开发架构   


我们学习的是一种技术,而不仅仅是一门开发语言!

PHP的学习目标:

WOMENXUEXIDESHIYIZHONGJISHU,ERBINGBUJINJINZHISHIYIMENYUYAN,PHPQUANZHANGONGCHENGSHIJIUSHIYIZHONGJISHUDEZONGCHENG。YINWEIPHPZHISHIFUWUQIDUANJIAOBENYUYAN, DANGQIANDUANYONGHUFASONGJIFUWUQIQINGQIU, PHPJIESHOUDAOQINGQIUZAIFUWUQIZHONGJINXINGYEWUCHULI, BINGJIANGCHULIHOUDEJIEGUOFANHUIJIYONGHU。RUGUOWANCHENGYIGERUANJIANXITONGDEZHENGGONGNENGKAIFA, BUJINJINYAOXUEXIPHP, QIANDUANXUYAOBIANXIEJIEMIANJIUXUYAOXUEXIHTML、CSSHEJavaScript。PHPHAIXUYAOWebFUWUQICAINENGJIANGWANGZHANFABUCHUQU,YEXUYAOXUEXIApacheHUONigix。 ZAICHULIFUWUQIDUANDEYINGYONG,ZUIHAOYINGYONGLinuxCAOZUOXITONG,SUOYIYEYAOSHULIANZHANGWOLinuxDEYINGYONG。LINGWAISUOYOUDEDONGTAISHUJUDOUSHICUNZAISHUJUKUZHONGDE, PHPYESHIJIYUSHUJUKUDEBIANCHENG,SUOYIXUEXIPHPBIXUZHANGWOYIDAOLIANGZHONGSHUJUKU,LIRUMySQL、RedisDENG。 HAIYOUXIANZAIDEKAIFAMOSHIDOUSHIJIYUKUANGJIAJINXINGKAIFADE, DUIPHPZHONGCHANGYONGKUANGJIATPHUOLaravelYEYAOFEICHANGSHULIANDEZHANGWO。PHPDEKAIYUANCHANPINYEBIJIAODUO, SUOYIYONGPHPXIANGMUJINXINGERCIKAIFAYEBIJIAOCHANGJIAN。

前端基础

零基础小白最好从前端开始,
为学习PHP做好铺垫

PHPZUISHIHEWebKAIFA,SUOYIZAIXUEXIPHPZHIQIANYIDINGYAOXIANDUIQIANDUANYOUYIDINGDELEJIE,DUIWebGONGZUOYUANLITOUCHEZHANGWO。PHPCHENGXUYUANYESUANSHIBANGEQIANDUANGONGCHENGSHI,DANWOMENXUEXIDEYESHIYIPHPWEIZHU, SUOYIZAIQIANDUANJICHUBUFEN, WOMENZHIXUYAOLEJIEYIXIECHANGYONGDEHTMLBIAOQIAN,CHANGYONGDECSSYANGSHIJIKE,KEYIBIANXIEBIAODAN,NENGWANCHENGYIXIEJIANDANDEYEMIANBUJU,DADAOPEIHEPHPGONGZUODEMUDEJIKE。

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PHP基础语法

编辑语言的核心,
从运行环境安装开始

棋牌下载 PHPYUYANBUFENDEXUEXIYAOFENCHENGSANDAOSIGEJIEDUANXUEXIXIAOGUOZUIJIA, SHOUXUANSHIJIBENYUFA, ZAIXUEPHPDECHANGYONGGONGNENGKU,RANHOUSHIPHPCHANGYONGKUANGJIAHESHEJIMOSHI,ZUIHOUSHIPHPDERUANJIANJIAGOUDENGJIGEJIEDUAN。 XUEWANQIANDUANDUIWebYOUYIDINGDELEJIEZHIHOU, XUYAOXUEXIDEJIUSHIPHPJICHUYUFABUFEN。ZHEIBUNEIRONGHENKUZAO,XUEXIMEIYOUSHENMEJIQIAO, DOUSHIXUYAOZHANGWODEHEXINYUFA, MEIGEXIJIEDOUYAOWANQUANZHANGWO。BUYAOPAXUEGUOZHIHOUWANGJI,SUIRANSHIZHONGDIANDANYEBUXUYAOFANFANFUFUDEFUXI。 ZHIYAOXUEXISHIDOUNONGDONGLE,BAGAIZUODESHIYANDOUZUOGUO,BINGQIEDOUKEYISHUNLIYUNXINGCHUJIEGUO。YINWEIJICHUYUFABUFEN,ZAIHOUMIANDEXUEXIHEGONGZUOZHONG,HUIYIZHIZAIYONG,HOUQIHUIHENSHULIAN。

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数据库基础

PHP如果没用MySQL,
相当于孙悟空没有金箍棒

SHUJUKURUGUOYAOXUEQUAN,NEIRONGYESHIFEICHANGDEDUO,BUJINYOUGUANXIXINGSHUJUKU,HAIYOUFEIGUANXIXINGSHUJUKU。 XIANZAIYONGPHPKAIFAZHIXUYAOXUEXIGUANXIXINGSHUJUKUMySQL,HEFEIGUANXIXINGSHUJUKURedisLIANGZHONGJIKEYIWANCHENGSUOYOUXIANGMUKAIFAGONGZUO。 ERGANGJIECHUSHUJUKUSHI,BINGBUXUYAOHUAFEIDALIANGDESHIJIANWANQUANBASHUJUKUDEGONGNENGQUANBUZHANGWO,ZHIYAOGOUYONGJIKE,DANGWOMENYUELAIYUESHENRUXUEXIPHPSHI,ZAIJIECHUGENGDUOSHUJUKUXIANGGUANDENEIRONG, YEHUIGENGRONGYILIJIEHEZHANGWO。 ZHEIGEJIEDUANDEXUEXIXUYAOZHANGWOSHUJUKUDEGONGNENG,WEIXIANGMUDESHEJIBIAOHECHUANGJIANBIAO,KEYIJINXINGZENG、SHAN、GAI、CHADENGDESHUJUCAOZUO,BINGQIEHUISHIYONGPHPCAOZUOMySQLJIKE。

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Linux服务器

没有几个PHP程序员不会Linux的

LinuxFANGZAIZHEIGEJIEDUANXUEXIANPAIDEFEICHANGHAO,YIJINGJILEILEYIDINGDEPHPJICHU,DUIZHENSHIFUWUQIYOUYIXIEXUQIULE,SHIJIECHULinuxDESHIHOULE。LinuxHEWindowsDECAOZUOFANGSHIYOUSUOBUTONG,MINGLINGXINGDECAOZUOMOSHIHUIRANGHENDUOXINRENNANYIZHUANBIAN, FANGZAIDIYIJIEDUANHUIRANGXINRENSHIQUXUEXIDEXINXIN。DANGRANYOUBUNENGBUXUELinux, XIANZAIXIANGMUDEZHENSHIHUANJINGDOUSHIYUNXINGZAILinuxSHANGMIAN,YUNFUWUQIDUOSHUANZHUANGDEYESHILinuxCAOZUOXITONG。DANGRANYEBUXUYAOANZHUANYEYUNWEIRENYUANDEBIAOZHUNQUXUEXILinux, ZHIYAOKEYISHULIANCAOZUOLinux、HUINONGQUANXIANCAOZUO, KEYIANZHUANGPHPDEYUNXINGHUANJING,BINGNENGJINXINGDUIApacheHUONginxWebFUWUQIDEPEIZHIHEGUANLI,YIJIYIXIEQITAFUWUQIDEGUANLI,YEYAOXUEXIDUIYUANCHENGALIDENGYUNFUWUQIDEGUANLI。

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前端高级

PHP程序员也算半个前端工程师
前后端的开发配合非常重要

QIANDUANZHIHUIJIBENDEHTMLHECSS, NENGJIANDANBUJUYEMIAN,DUIPHPDECHENGXUKAIFASHIBUGOUDE。HAODUOXITONGDEYEWULIUCHENGXUYAOTONGGUOQIANDUANDEKAIFAPEIHEWANCHENG。 LINGWAI,XIANZAIQIYEYINGYONGDEXITONGDOUSHIQIANHOUDUANWANQUANFENLIDE, MOBANYINQINGDEKAIFAMOSHIYIJINGZHUJIANJIANSHAO。SUOYIQIANDUANJISHUZAIKAIFAZHONGZHANJUDEBIZHONGYUELAIYUEGAO, DANGRANXUEXIDENEIRONGYEYUELAIYUEDUO,YIXIEKUANGJIAYECENGCHUBUQIONG,BANBENDIEDAIYEBIJIAOKUAI,DANGRANBIAOZHUNYEYUELAIYUEGAO。SUIRANZUOWEIPHPCHENGXUYUANBINGBUYONGWANQUANANQIANDUANGONGCHENGSHIDEBIAOZHUNZHANGWOQIANDUANJINENG, YEYAOJINLIANGDUOJIECHUYIXIEQIANDUANJISHU。 QIANHOUDUANWANQUANFENLIXIANZAIDEXIANGMU, PHPCHENGXUYUANBANGEQIANDUAN, ZHANGWOYIXIEKEXIE,KEGAI, JIKE

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PHP接口开发

如果不会写或用接口,
系统的多数功能都实现不了

XIANZAIDEXIANGMUKAIFAZHONG,JIEKOUSHIHENPUBIANDEYINGYONGJISHU。XIANZAIHAODUOXIANGMUZUDOUHUIDANDUSHEYOUJIEKOUKAIFARENYUAN。 XIANGTENGXUN、WEIBO、TAOBAODENGKAIFANGPINGTAI,QISHISUOWEIDEKAIFANG,JIUSHITIGONGYIXIEKEDIAOYONGDEJIEKOU,YONGYUHUOQUDAOTAMENDEXIANGGUANXINXI。 LIRU:WEIXINYONGHUJIBENXINXI、TAOBAODIANPU、SHANGPINXIAOXIDENGDENG,RANHOUZAIGENJUZHEIXIEXINXI,ZAINIDEYINGYONGLIWANCHENGJIAOHU。 DUIYUYINGYONGKAIFAZHELAISHUO,YOULEKAIFANGDEAPI,JIUKEYIZHIJIEDIAOYONGDUOJIAGONGSIKAIFAHAODEGONGNENGLAIZUOZIJIDEYINGYONG,BUXUYAOSUOYOUDESHIQINGDOUZIJICAODAO,JIESHENGJINGLI。 DUIYURUANJIANTIGONGSHANGLAISHUO,LIUCHUAPI,RANGBIEDEYINGYONGCHENGXULAIDIAOYONG,XINGCHENGSHENGTAI,RUANJIANCAINENGFAHUIZUIDADEJIAZHI,CAINENGGENGYOUSHENGMINGLI。 TONGSHIZUOHAOJIEKOUGUIFAN,TONGGUOSHEJIQUANXIANLAIKONGZHIANQUAN,BIERENYEKANBUJIANDAIMA,BUSHANGHAISHANGYEJIMI。

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PHP框架

框架不仅是半成品还自带程序库,
基于成熟的框架开发才是正确做法

棋牌下载 KUANGJIAQISHIJIUSHIKAIFAYIGEXITONGDE“BANCHENGPIN”, JIANDANDISHUOJIUSHIXIANGMUDEGUJIAYIJINGDAHAO,BINGTIGONGLEFENGFUDEZUJIANKU,ZHIZENGJIAYIXIECHANPINDEYEWULIUCHENGHUODIAOYONGYIXIETIGONGHAODEZUJIANJIUKEYIWANCHENGZIJIDEXITONG。 PHPKUANGJIADUIHENDUOXINSHOUERYANKENENGHUIJUEDEHENNANPANYUE,QISHIBURAN,ZHIYAOZHIDAOYIGEKUANGJIADELIUCHENG,MINGBAILEKUANGJIADEJIBENGONGZUOYUANLI,LEISIKUANGJIADOUHENRONGYIXUEXI。 PHPKAIFAKUANGJIAYOUZHUYUCUJINKUAISURUANJIANKAIFA,JIEYUELEKAIFAZHEDESHIJIAN,YOUZHUYUCHUANGJIANGENGWEIWENDINGDECHENGXU,BINGJIANSHAOKAIFAZHEDEZHONGFUBIANXIEDAIMADELAODONG。 ZHEIXIEKUANGJIAHAITONGGUOQUEBAOZHENGQUEDESHUJUKUCAOZUOJIZHIZAIBIAOXIANCENGBIANCHENGDEFANGSHIBANGZHUCHUXUEZHECHUANGJIANWENDINGDECHENGXU。PHPKAIFAKUANGJIASHIDEKAIFARENYUANKEYIHUAGENGDUODESHIJIANQUCHUANGZAOZHENZHENGDEWebCHENGXU,ERBUSHIBIANXIEZHONGFUXINGDEDAIMA。

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PHP的架构设计

没有不变的架构,
好架构才是系统稳定运行的基础

RUANJIANJIAGOUKEYIXIANSHIXIANGMUXUQIUHERUANJIANJIEGOUZHIJIANDEDUIYINGGUANXI,KEYITIXIANZHENGGERUANJIANXITONGDEZUZHIHETUOPUJIEGOU,KEYIDUIXIANGMUKAIFAJUECEQIDAOJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG。 XUEXIPHPBUJINYAOXUEXIJIAGOUSHEJI, YEYAOZHANGWOJIAGOUDESHIXIAN, ZHEIDUIXUEXICHENGZHANGHERUANJIANZHILIANGDEBAKONGDOUSHIFEICHANGYOUBIYAODE。 TONGSHIYENENGCANYUDAODAXINGXIANGMUDEKAIFAZHONG, DUIGAOBINGFADACUNCHUDEXITONGYEYOULEJIEJUEFANGAN。

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微信开发和二次开发

微信小程序是开发的趋势,
立项后首选二次开发

GUANWANG、GONGZHONGHAO、WEIXINXIAOCHENGXUXIANZAISHIQIYEYUNYINGDEBIAOZHUNPEIZHI,YUELAIYUEDUODEAPPBEIXIAOCHENGXUTIDAI,ERPHPZUISHIHEDUIWEIXINGONGZHONGHAOERKAIFAHEKAIFAWEIXINXIAOCHENGXU, TENGXUNGUANFANGDEJICHUDEANLIDUOSHUYEDOUSHISHIYONGPHPKAIFADE。 SUOYIXUEXIPHPYIDINGYAOXUEHUIRUHESHIYONGPHPKAIFAWEIXINXIAOCHENGXU,YESHIXIANZAIPHPKAIFADEZHULIUYINGYONG。LINGWAI,XIANZAIKAIFAXIANGMUSHOUXUANERCIKAIFA,ZHEISHIZUIKUAIJIAOFURUANJIANDEKAIFAFANGSHI,ERPHPKEYONGERCIKAIFADEKAIYUANXIANGMUYOUTEBIEDEDUO,LEIXINGYEFEICHANGFENGFU。

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学习路径

YIMENJISHUXIANGXUECHENG, DADAOKEYIGONGZUODEMUDE, NEIRONGDEQUEBUSHAO, YEBUSHISANWURIKEYISUCHENGDE,XUYAOYIGEZHANGQIJILEIDEGUOCHENG。 DANZHANGWOHAODEXUEXIFANGFAJIXUEXILUJINGYESHIKEYISHIBANGONGBEIDE。 DUIYULINGJICHUXIAOBAIZUIDADETONGDIANJIUSHIBUZHIDAOXUESHENME,YEBUZHIDAOCONGNALIKAISHIXUE。YIMENJISHUSUIRANXIANGGUANLIANDENEIRONGHENDUO,DANXUEXIYUANDIYOUDANIUBANGNIZHAOCHUCHANGYONGDE30%DENEIRONGXUEXI,NENGKAIFA90%YISHANGDERUANJIAN, JISHUDEBANBENGENGXINDIEDAIDESUDUYEHENKUAI,BUTONGBANBENZHIJIANCHAJUBIJIAODA, XUEXIZHENGQUEDEBANBENYEKEYIJIESHENGJINGLIDE。ANXUEXIYUANDITUIJIANDEXUEXIXIANLUTUXUEXI, JIYOUXUEXISHUNXU,YOUDOUSHIZHONGDIANSHIYONGDENEIRONG,JISHUBANBENYESHIJINGXINTIAOXUANGUODE。

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